It is important to be aware of the common cats diseases might suffer from. However, it is also important to be aware of their symptoms so you can treat them properly.
Here are some common illnesses cats may suffer from: inflammatory bowel disease, Diabetes, Polycystic kidney disease, Lymphoma, and more.
1- Cat Eye Infection
A serious problem and should be treated immediately to avoid further damage.
The eye is made up of seven layers:
the cornea (the clear covering on the outside of the eye) and the conjunctiva (pink connective tissue attached to the eyelids and sclera). Infection of the eyes can occur in either or both eyes.
– Cat Treatment
Although most cat eye infections are not serious, it’s best to visit a veterinarian if you suspect your cat has an eye infection. A veterinarian is a trusted source of information and is best qualified to prescribe treatment for your cat. They’ve already examined your pet and will know its medical history. Their advice will be based on the severity and cause of the infection.
A vet can diagnose the condition by taking a sample of the eye discharge and infected skin cells. Depending on the severity of the condition, you may also have to give your cat antibiotic eye drops or gels. Your veterinarian can teach you how to administer these medications.
A cat eye infection usually looks like red, watery, or thick discharge from the eye. Some cats will experience excessive blinking, sensitivity to light, and inflamed eyelids. The symptoms of a cat eye infection are similar to those of a human cold or flu.
2- Inflammatory bowel disease
The term inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) refers to a group of digestive disorders that cause chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract.
Although the cause of IBD remains unclear, some researchers believe that genetic abnormalities and bacterial or parasitic infection are factors. Regardless of the cause, this disease causes chronic inflammation in the GI tract, making it difficult for your cat to move food and absorb nutrients.
This condition is usually diagnosed via taking a tissue sample of the affected intestine, which will reveal if the tissue has an abnormal number of inflammatory cells.
Cats effectively treated and controlled with the right diet and medications. The most important thing is to make sure the medication and diet are managed properly.
Your veterinarian may prescribe steroids to reduce the inflammation in your cat’s intestine. These drugs can suppress the immune system and also treat the symptoms of IBD. Antibiotics are another option.
– Cat Treatment
Symptoms of IBD may be similar to those of other diseases, which is why it’s essential to have a thorough examination by your veterinarian. During the examination, your vet may perform a full blood panel, a urinalysis, and a fecal examination.
An x-ray and ultrasound may also be used to assess the thickness of the intestinal walls. Biopsies will confirm the diagnosis and will help tailor treatment to your cat’s unique condition. While most IBD cases recover, relapses do occur and it is important to follow your cat’s treatment plan carefully.
Inflammatory bowel disease in cats is not curable, but it controlled to keep your pet healthy. This condition requires strict adherence to the diet and medications prescribed by your veterinarian. If your cat relapses, your vet will want to adjust the medications as necessary.
3- Hyperthyroidism in Cats
Characterized: increased metabolic rate, decreased heat tolerance, soft stool, and frequent trips to the litter box. In addition, it can cause increased heart rate and difficulty breathing. In severe cases, the condition may even lead to tremors or muscle twitching.
Hyperthyroidism can cause other medical problems, including heart failure and retinal detachment. A general health examination should focus on the heart and kidneys. Other tests, such as a blood chemistry panel and urinalysis, can help doctors assess the condition of the body as a whole.
Other common symptoms of hyperthyroidism in cats include vomiting and diarrhea. It can also cause an increased appetite and increased urination. Cats with hyperthyroidism may also experience pacing, nighttime yowling, and increased aggression. In older cats, it may also cause confusion and a nervous demeanor.
Although hyperthyroidism is not curable, dietary restriction can help control the condition. A prescription diet with a low iodine content is often used. However, it may not be effective in cats with severe hyperthyroidism. Cats on dietary therapy should eat the diet for the rest of their lives, and cannot eat any other foods.
Recommended for cats with hyperthyroidism, which is critical for monitoring the condition and the effects of the medication on the body. Blood tests can be done every three to six months and will help determine if the condition is affecting the cat’s health.
– Cat Treatment
Treatment for hyperthyroidism in cats can include medication, surgery, and dietary changes. In 95% of cats, radioiodine treatment is effective. In some cases, surgery is required to remove the thyroid gland. Despite the risk, this procedure is safe and has a high success rate.
If your cat has hyperthyroidism, you should consider bringing it to the vet for a thorough examination. Your veterinarian may suggest surgery to correct the problem, but if it is not, your cat may continue to have hyperthyroid symptoms despite the surgery.
Surgical removal of the thyroid gland is a common option for cats with hyperthyroidism. The procedure is effective and will eliminate the need for medication in the long run. However, it is important to note that this surgery will require anesthesia, which is more risky for older cats. Another option is to limit the amount of iodine in the cat’s food. This is not a sure-fire solution, but can reduce the symptoms and help your cat feel better.
If you suspect that your cat has diabetes, there are several things that you can do to help your cat feel better. Common signs of diabetes include dehydration, weakness, and a rough coat. Your cat may also exhibit signs of a distended abdomen and a plantigrade posture. Even if your cat doesn’t exhibit any of these symptoms, it’s still best to see your veterinarian. Diabetes can change a cat’s behavior quickly.
– Cat Treatment
There is no cure for diabetes in cats, but early treatment is crucial. Treatment with insulin and a special diet can lead to remission, which means your cat no longer needs insulin injections. Cats with diabetes are more likely to enter remission if they are diagnosed early and treated with glargine insulin. However, if your cat does not enter remission within six months, it will almost certainly require lifelong insulin injections.
Aside from insulin injections, your cat will also need daily monitoring of blood glucose levels. This can be done by performing a blood glucose curve. This involves measuring your cat’s blood glucose levels before and after the administration of insulin.
This will ensure that your cat’s average blood glucose level remains within acceptable levels and does not fall dangerously low. Initially, you may need to perform blood glucose curves every few weeks, but you can increase the intervals if you notice that your cat is becoming well-regulated.
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Luckily, the good news is that many cats with diabetes can achieve remission. The frequency of remission varies, but it is possible to achieve clinical remission in 50% or more of cases. The amount of remission will depend on the severity of the condition and the length of treatment.
The true incidence of feline diabetes is unknown, but it’s estimated to affect 0.5% to 2% of the cat population. The main symptoms of diabetes in cats include increased thirst and urination. Obese cats are more likely to develop this condition than thin ones.
Cats with diabetes may also experience a ravenous appetite. The reason for this is that they can’t properly use the nutrients in their diet.
As the disease progresses, the prognosis for diabetic cats depends on the ability of the owner to manage the condition. If you are inconsistent in providing insulin or dietary control, the prognosis tends to be worse.
5- Polycystic kidney disease
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a condition in cats that causes many cysts in the kidney, pancreas, and liver. These cysts fill with fluid and interfere with normal kidney function. If left untreated, these cysts can lead to kidney failure.
Cats can develop polycystic kidney disease at any age. The number of cysts and size will vary from cat to cat. They can be as small as one millimeter in diameter or as large as a centimeter. Cats with this disease are most likely to be aged seven or older.
– Cat Treatment
If left untreated, PKD can lead to death. Treatment may involve fluid therapy and anti-nausea medication. If the condition is advanced, euthanasia may be the best option for a cat with PKD. Symptoms and prognosis are highly variable, so it is important to consult a veterinarian at the earliest opportunity.
Diagnosis of PKD depends on clinical examination and laboratory tests. Ultrasound examinations of the kidneys can detect cysts. An ultrasound can show how many cysts are in each kidney and their size. The ultrasound is most sensitive in cats that are at least 10 months old. Genetic tests may also be useful in identifying the genetic defect responsible for the disease.
Currently, there is no cure for polycystic kidney disease in cats. Treatments aim to keep the kidneys functioning as long as possible. Treatments are similar to those for chronic kidney disease in cats. Your vet may prescribe antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, pain medications, and fluid therapy. The veterinarian may also perform an x-ray to determine how well the kidneys are functioning.
Diagnosis of PKD depends on how many cysts are present in the kidneys. Ultrasound is the best diagnostic method for PKD, though radiography and intravenous urography can be used. Ultrasound detects kidney cysts and is safe and inexpensive.
Treatments for PKD usually involve controlling dehydration and giving intravenous and subcutaneous fluids. Patients with kidney failure may need kidney transplants or dialysis. In addition to the medications, veterinarians may prescribe potassium supplements. In addition, they may also recommend regular blood electrolyte testing.
A serious disease that affects the lymphatic system in cats. It is not curable, but there are some prevention measures you can take to minimize your cat’s risk. Regular vaccination against FeLV and other feline diseases, as well as avoiding tobacco smoke, can lower your cat’s risk. Early diagnosis can also increase your cat’s chances of survival.
You should get your cat checked by a vet twice a year, or more frequently if it is over 7 years old. The examination will include blood tests and a palpation of the cat’s body.
Although less common than feline leukemia, it is still a dangerous disease. Cats with this disease often experience diarrhea, vomiting, weight loss, and other symptoms. In some cases, the disease can spread to the kidneys and the central nervous system. Some cats with this disease also experience sudden difficulty breathing.
Lymphoma can be deadly without treatment. Treatment protocols vary between cats with different types of the disease. With the right medication, lymphoma in cats can be treated successfully, extending the cat’s life for weeks or even months. In some cases, the disease is so serious that it requires surgery.
– Cat Treatment
Treatment for lymphoma typically revolves around chemotherapy. Your veterinarian will choose a combination of chemotherapeutic agents that will best treat your cat’s disease. Chemotherapy is usually given intravenously, once a week.
Your vet will closely monitor your cat to minimize the side effects of the medication. Chemotherapy is more tolerable for animals than it is for humans, but the side effects can still be harmful.
Chemotherapy can help a cat with lymphoma reach remission. This type of treatment is also a good option for cats with a solitary lymphoma.
Most cats with lymphoma will respond to chemotherapy. In fact, nearly seventy percent of treated cats will enter a remission following treatment. This is a significant accomplishment because it means that the cancer cells are no longer responding to chemotherapy.
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